The back mount gives the fighter the best control of the fight From this position it is very difficult for the enemy to either
defend himself or counterattack. Both legs should be wrapped around the enemy with the heels "hooked" inside his legs. One
arm is under an armpit and the other is around the neck and the hands are clasped. Even though a fighter may find himself
with his own back on the ground this is still the back mount.
The front mount is dominant because it allows the fighter to strike the enemy with punches without the danger of effective
return punches, and also provides the leverage to attack the enemy's upper body with joint attacks. Knees are as high as possible
toward the enemy's armpits. This position should be held loosely to allow the enemy to turn over if he should try.
If the fighter must be on the bottom, the guard position allows the best defense and the only chance of offense. It is important
initially for the fighter to lock his feet together behind the enemy's back to prevent him from simply pushing the fighter's
knees down and stepping over them.
Although side control is not a dominant position, many times a fighter will find himself in this position, and he must be
able to counter the enemy's defensive techniques. The fighter should place his elbow on the ground in the notch created by
the enemy's head and shoulder. His other hand should be palm down on the ground on the near side of the enemy. The leg closest
to the enemy's head should be straight and the other one bent so that the knee is near the enemy's hip. He should keep his
head down to avoid knee strikes.